Roses make a romantic gift and a beautiful addition to any flower garden. These flowers have been grown for centuries and have long been associated with love and passion. Roses are tough plants but they require special care in terms of watering and soil. Fertilisation and pruning is also important for their growth.
1. Planting from cuttings
Roses can be grown from cuttings or from seeds. If choosing to grow from cuttings, it is necessary to take the cutting from a mature plant. The best way to ensure maturity is to take a stem from a bush that has just bloomed. When planting from this source, the result will be a replica of the plant from which the stem was taken.
2. Planting from seeds
Planting from seeds produces a different variety. It is more difficult to grow roses from seeds, but it can also be more rewarding. Hybridisation of plants is possible and a beautiful and unique bloom can be produced. Often it is useful to obtain seeds from existing plants in the garden and use these to start a new bush.
3. Roses need sunlight
Most roses are sold as seedlings and need to be planted carefully. The flowers need direct sunlight for about 6 hours a day. They should not be planted in shady areas, such as under other trees or in places where there is little light in winter. The amount of sunlight they are exposed to can also affect their colour. Sometimes the light bleaches the colour making it seem paler than it should be. For example a blood red flower can seem pale when exposed to too much sun.
The flowers need well aerated and fertile soil. It should be made up of compost or cow manure. The blooms grow best in clay. The clay can be supplemented by gypsum to enhance growth and flowering potential.
Like most plants, roses require adequate watering. It is recommended that they are watered at least twice a week. Watering leaves should be avoided.
Fertilising the plant is important. Using correct fertiliser will create strong growth and many blooms. Plants should be fertilised every spring and summer. During flowering season they should be fertilised once every 6-8 weeks. A regular fertilisation strategy will ensure beautiful blooms and an attractive garden.
Pruning the blooms is a skill that is taught by many florists. Pruning should be done carefully and intelligently. Old blooms need to be snipped in a special way that can be learned through attending classes. Dying leaves and wilting stems should also be pruned.
Roses can be grown from either seeds or cuttings, but whatever method is chosen the mature plant requires special care. Adequate watering, fertilisation and careful pruning will ensure beautiful flowers every year. A rose is a beautiful and unique flower that can provide enjoyment and sweet decoration for the home or garden.